Grzegorz Liskiewicz1, Barbara Jachimska2, Karolina L. Zapadka3

1Institute of Turbomachinery, Lodz University of Technology, Wolczanska 219/223, 90 – 924, Lodz, Poland, Email: grzegorz.liskiewicz@p.lodz.pl   

2Haber Institute of Catalysis and Surface Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Niezapominajek 8, 30-239 Krakow, Poland, Email: ncjachim@cyf-kr.edu.pl

3University of Cambridge, Department of Chemistry, Lensfield Rd., Cambridge, CB2 1EW, United Kingdom. KLUZ Consulting Ltd., 40 Bloomsbury Way, London, WC1A 2SE, United Kingdom, Email: karolinazapadka@gmail.com

Abstract: This article presents the vision of Innovation & Impact that we shared in 2018 when the first issue was printed. Now, it is after many months and several pivots. Journal mission and aim remain unchanged, but its form evolved to a large extend. We leave this text in the original form to show the journal story and let our readers follw the path that we did.

Keywords: innovation & impact, journal mission, aims & scope, startup community, startup ecosystem, innovation, valorisation

1. Journal mission

Innovation & Impact is an interdisciplinary Scientific Technology and Business Journal. The Journal presents exciting technology profiles, case studies and invited papers concerning the process of innovation, valorisation and its impact on society and Global Economy.

The journal mission is to promote innovation & valorization. We aim to inspire researches by presenting the knowledge and practical examples of innovation and valorization of cutting-edge technologies worldwide.

We are truly excited about the moment when research exerts an impact on our lives, health and wellbeing. This process takes place at the intersection of academic research, business and society. It involves people with different background and expertise:

  • academics
  • start-up founders
  • start-up mentors
  • entrepreneurs
  • industrialists
  • investors
  • technology transfer specialists
  • policy makers.

Accepted articles are published online in the open access journal. The Journal is set up on a friendly platform, where all registered authors/contributors/followers may interact with each other by commenting on or reviewing published articles. Our authors can upload/update/edit their written work at any time.

2. The Journal background and motivation

There are many exciting examples of flagship innovation ecosystems that are growing in different parts of the globe, including Silicon Valley (USA), New York (USA), Boston (USA), Chicago (USA) [1], Berlin (Germany), Singapore [2], Cambridge (UK) [3–4] and Tel Aviv (Israel) [5]. There are also great examples of innovation ecosystems that have grown in smaller communities, such as Boulder (USA) [6], St Louis (USA) [7], Oululu (Finland) [8], Reykjavik (Iceland) [9] and Trondheim (Norway) [10]. All of them are inclusive by nature and most commonly represent the idea of open innovation [2,11]. Ecosystems also benefit from information exchange, creative class and mentors [12]. This leads to the concept of the global start-up ecosystem that consists of a network of local start-ups and the connections between them. We believe that this is not a zero-sum-game and that the global exchange of information is beneficial for everyone [13].

The Journal addresses this need for the global exchange of experiences and knowledge in a horizontal manner across ecosystems, countries and cultures. We also believe that this exchange should not be limited to people with a certain role in the ecosystem (e.g. researchers, entrepreneurs, investors) but to everyone who has a valuable message to share. Communication between all participants in the global ecosystem is crucial for its growth. Therefore, we need to find the right balance between a scientific, rigorous approach and a clear, concise, attractive way of sharing information.

From the very beginning, we searched for a formula that would allow a clear communication and maintaining standards that would attract a wide community to the Journal. Peer-reviewed scientific journals provide high-quality material, but their audience is usually limited to a narrow group of highly specialised researchers. Conversely, blogs and non-peer-reviewed journals attract a very wide audience, but their material is not scrutinised by specialists for professional merit.

After numerous discussions with Key Opinion Leaders (KOLs) representing different ecosystems, experiences and several pivots we have decided that a journal with an open review formula is the right solution forward. We believe that the author knows the best way to express the message they wish to share, hence there is much freedom allowed in the form and structure of the paper. The only requirement is quality. Acceptance of a submission depends on the Journal’s editors, who evaluate the text at face value. We believe that in the future, each paper will be commented on and reviewed by the public and editors will become moderators.

Editors will adjust the message to one of three submission types that will assure clarity in the exchange of information. The choice will depend on the type of information that is to be shared. Invited papers (research or review papers) will be related to innovation and must demonstrate scientific rigour. Case study papers will present examples of start-ups or initiatives that have already been proven to work. Technology profile papers will be treated as formal pitches of ideas/technology requesting support.

We believe in the importance of direct and unconstrained interaction between authors and readers. This aim could be achieved thanks to our cooperation with the founders of the PubPub platform [14]. In this environment, everyone can publish a paper but, equally, anyone can comment on or review it. The platform itself is very flexible, allowing authors to introduce text revisions.

3. Open access, open review

The Journal promotes an inclusive approach – everyone is invited to share her or his paper with the Journal’s community regardless of profession and affiliation. The inherent value of the paper is paramount. The editors decide whether a paper is accepted or not. Their responsibility to each author/contribution is to be supportive and helpful, and to give a constructive feedback.

In the future, the editors’ evaluation will be based on the community feedback. The editors will become moderators, whose main task will be to confirm community approval and, by extent, paper acceptance. At this point, the paper will feature in the Journal and will be displayed on the main page. The Journal is fully interactive – everyone can comment on or review the paper, and authors can improve on it at any time and upload a newer version. The steps below describe the typical workflow of how a paper may feature in Innovation & Impact.

Step 1 – Paper drafting

Authors can create a file on the Journal’s platform and create collaborations that may lead to further revisions. Each revision is saved and available to co-authors, if its status remains “private”. When co-authors are ready to submit their paper to Innovation & Impact, its status will need to change into either “restricted” or “public”:

  • restricted – the paper will be available to authors and Journal editors only. Journal editors will provide an initial assessment and share their opinion on whether the paper is ready to be shared with the Journal’s community.
  • public – the authors share their paper with the Journal’s community directly and await their feedback.
Step 2 – Sharing paper with the community

Once the paper becomes public, i.e. is submitted to the Innovation & Impact community, everyone is invited to start a discussion with the author. Every comment is available publicly and is visible to everyone. The authors can respond to comments and introduce revisions of the paper accordingly. Here, the paper will improve continuously.

Step 3 – Paper is featured in Innovation & Impact

Given positive community feedback, the paper is ready to feature in Innovation & Impact. The Journal’s editors will confirm this decision. Featured papers become accessible on the Journal’s webpage in perpetuity. This does not mean that the paper cannot be revised further. Authors can always upload new versions if there is such a need.

4. Submission and article types

The Journal accepts three types of submissions:

Invited papers present systematic studies regarding issues related to innovation and valorisation. We accept both research and review articles from invitees. Invited authors are free to share their perspective or research regarding the innovative science, technologies, business and the interface between them. Research articles present the results of systematic scientific work regarding the process of innovation. Review papers provide a wider perspective on a chosen aspect of innovation and interface between science and business.

Case studies present inspiring examples of innovation. In particular, the Journal focuses on presenting the route of a scientific idea or technology to the market. It also includes articles describing the framework or institution supporting the process of valorization, its impact on local/national/international ecosystem or Global Economy. This includes, but is not limited to: science parks, incubators, accelerators, innovation centres, funding schemes. We believe that the presence of case studies is very important for understanding the process of innovation from practical examples.

Technology profiles allow researchers to present innovative technologies with commercial potential to a wide audience of KOLs. It aims to present developed technology shortly and comprehensively. This is to help inventors to prepare they pitch and help reaching potential investors.

5. Special issues

The Journal occasionally publishes special issues devoted to certain topics, regions and wider points of interest that may bring together different case studies and angles. The Journal was founded during our stay in Cambridge and Oxford. Hence, the first special issue concentrates on the Cambridge ecosystem, including couple of examples from London. Our next special issues will focus mainly on Oxford & London innovation ecosystem.

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank all the people who supported the concept of Innovation & Impact from the very beginning. Especially we feel very grateful to our fantastic Editorial Board for their support.

References

[1] David J. Miler, Zoltan J. Acs. The campus as entrepreneurial ecosystem: The University of Chicago. Small Business Economics, 2017, 1-2.

[2] Bjoern L. Herrmann, et al. The global startup ecosystem ranking 2017. Startup Genome 2017.

[3] Kate Kirk, Charles Cotton. The Cambridge Phenomenon: 50 years of innovation and enterprise. Third Millenium, 2012.

[4] David Gill. The Cambridge Phenomenon. Innovation & impact. 2017

[5] Fabio Kon, et al. A panorama of the israeli software startup ecosystem. 2014.

[6] Brad Feld. Startup communities: Building an entrepreneurial ecosystem in your city. John Wiley & Sons, 2012.

[7] Yasuyuki Motoyama, Karren Knowlton. Examining the connections within the startup ecosystem: A case study of st. louis. Entrepreneurship Research Journal, 2017, 7.1.

[8] Mika Rantakokko. Smart city as an innovation engine: case Oulu. Elektrotehniski Vestnik, 2012, 79.5: 248.

[9] Kris Hrobjartsson. The outlook for the Icelandic startup ecosystem in 2017. The Northstack Memo. 2017

[10] Jenna van Uden et al. Startup guide Trondheim. Startup everywhere 2016

[11] Henry W. Chesbrough. Open innovation: The new imperative for creating and profiting from technology. Harvard Business Press, 2006.

[12] Richard Florida. The flight of the creative class: The new global competition for talent. Liberal Education, 2006, 92.3: 22-29.

[13] Tyler Cowen et al. Innovation ecosystems: Empowering entrepreneurs and powering economies. Barclays 2014

[14] Travis Rich. Hello, PubPub. Pubpub 2016


Grzegorz Liskiewicz - Researcher, entrepreneur, science popularizer. He works at the Institute of Turbomachinery, Lodz University of technology. He is working on the design and safety of centrifugal compressors with the goal to make industrial compressors safer and more economic. He graduated his PhD from University of Strathclyde, and visited University of Oxford, Cambridge, Leeds. Grzegorz serves as the Rector’s Proxy for Academic Entrepreneurship, and board of directors member in the University Technology Transfer Center ltd. In years 2018-2020 Grzegorz served as the board of directors member in the Top 500 Innovators Association Poland. In 2011 Grzegorz co-funded ACADEMYA, company providing solutions for polish authors of research papers. Nowadays, the company is a polish leader in the field.

Barbara Jachimska is Associate Professor at the Jerzy Haber Institute of Catalysis and Surface Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences. She has M.Sc. in Material Engineering and Ceramic and M.Sc. in Environmental Protection from AGH University of Science and Technology. She holds a Ph.D. with honours in chemistry and Doctor of Sciences (habilitation) both received from Jerzy Haber Institute of Catalysis and Surface Chemistry in 2001 and 2012, respectively. Barbara Jachimska works in the area of polymers, proteins and the assembly behaviour of biopolymers, especially study adsorption, adhesion and interfacial phenomena in the nano-colloidal system. She had many internships abroad, among others in Germany, France, China, and the UK. She participated in the implementation of tens of research projects. The results of her study were presented at many international conferences, and she is co-author more than 70 articles published in international journals. In 2015 was awarded the scholarship from Polish Ministry of Education “TOP 500 innovators” program organized jointly by the University of Cambridge Enterprise and Oxentia (Oxford University). Organizer of many international conferences and workshops, and co-organizer of events devoted to technological innovation. Expert in the Regional Operational Programme of the Malopolska Region for 2014- 2020 Regional intelligence Specialization (RIS): Life Sciences, Chemistry.

Karolina Zapadka is a Biotech Business Developer, Physical Science Consultant and Physical Chemist. Her academic work includes a double research Master diploma in Chemistry with a specialisation in Spectroscopy and Photochemistry from Jagiellonian and Lund University, a Ph.D. from University of Cambridge in Biophysics, Peptide Stability & Aggregation and Postdoctoral work between University of Cambridge and MedImmune. Karolina has a scientific background in several areas, including metabolic disorders, pharmaceutical product development, biologics stability & liquid formulations, protein self-assembly, cancer diagnostics, and polymer chemistry. For the past 8 years, she has been actively involved in Cambridge cluster, working for 2 years in the Cambridge based emerging biotech company Arecor. After industry, she went on to pursue a PhD at Chemistry Department, University of Cambridge. Karolina was funded by the Formulation Science Group in MedImmune. Working in MedImmune for more than 5 years, has given her experience in Big Pharma. Moreover, Karolina has extensive experience in valorisation of research outcomes in life science & healthcare together with business development in the private and non-profit sectors. She has lead successful high performance teams of up to 120 people in innovation in 15+ projects in several non-profit organisations. During this time, she has established, managed, and maintained a strong relationship of trust with different partners regionally, nationally, and internationally. Since early 2017 she has been Chief Executive and name partner of KLUZ Consulting, the bioinnovation business builder, which provides technical and strategy consulting services. Here, she worked on number of consulting projects for biotech companies, science parks and Business Schools.